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Monaghan is a lively town with some wonderful architecture that can best be appreciated on foot. Incorporated by James I in 1613, Monaghan was once a base of the MacMahons who ruled this territory for centuries, setting up here formally in the 14th century. The 17th century was a tempestuous one for Monaghan with power over it changing hands between the Irish and English several times before residing in English hands after the Williamite conquest of the early 1690s. For the next two centuries it was basically a Presbyterian town and a colonial centre of commerce and local government.
On Hill Street, in the town centre, is the County Museum which is home to a vast array of historical artifacts, including the important Cross of Clogher dating from the 14th Century. Building commenced on the magnificent St Macartan’s Cathedral in 1862. It was built in the neo-gothic style and contains interesting Stations of the Cross and tapestries. It was constructed using limestone from a local quarry near Old Cross Square. Other buildings of particular note around the town include the original 17th c. Market House, the Courthouse, St Patrick’s Church of